Glossary

ACT
American College Test. The ACT assessment program measures educational development and readiness to pursue college-level coursework in English, mathematics, natural science, and social studies.

Term
Definition

Advanced Placement/AP
A national program of standardized high school courses by which high school students can earn college credit(s at most institutions of higher education.

ASCENT
(Accelerating Students through Concurrent Enrollment); 5th year program for students prior to high school graduation and who are on schedule to complete 12 credit hours of postsecondary work prior to completion of 12th year. Participants are selected by high school admin and must meet class requirements and prerequisities; House Bill 09-1319, Senate Bill 09-285, Colorado Revised Statutes 22-35-101, State Board Rules 1 CCR 301-86;

B.A./B.S.
Bachelor's of Arts Degree, Bachelor's of Science Degree; Typically requiring four years or approximately 120 college credits to complete;

Career and Technical Education (CTE)
A term applied to schools, institutions, and educational programs that specialize in the skilled trades, applied sciences, modern technologies, and career preparation. It was formerly (and is still commonly) called vocational education

CDE
Colorado Department of Education

CDHE
Colorado Department of Higher Education

College-Level Examination Program (CLEP)
College Level Examination Program; Earn college credit for passing a subject specific examination. For more information, please go to the College Board website.

Concurrent Enrollment
Open to 9th, 10th, 11th and 12th graders who receive academic plan approval, meet application deadlines, and meet college course requirements. 12th graders not meeting graduation requirements and who are held back for instructional purposes may not enroll into more than 9 credit hours for the academic year; House Bill 09-1319, Senate Bill 09-285, Colorado Revised Statutes 22-35-101, State Board Rules 1 CCR 301-86;

Corequisite Remediation
Corequisite remediation is the delivery of academic support to academically underprepared students while they are learning gateway course content in the same subject.

Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA)
Under DACA, illegal aliens are offered two years of amnesty ("deferred action" - meaning a stay of deportation), are given a social security number, and are allowed to apply for a work permit.

Descriptive Statistics (Analysis)
Descriptive statistics are used to describe the basic features of the data in a study. 

Early Alert Protocol
The Early Alert program is designed for faculty to identify students in the 5th-6th week of the semester who need assistance because of academic performance, class participation, and/or behavior issues.

Early College High School or Middle College
The institution or entity that provides the outreach, curricula, and student learning and support programs for students who attain the Recommended or of college credit simultaneously.Advanced High School Program diploma and up to two years

EFC
Expected Family Contribution; in the context of financial aid, it is calculated by a federally-approved formula that accounts for income, assets, number of family members attending college, and other information.

FAFSA
Free Application for Federal Student Aid; visit the Federal FAFSA website. Keep in mind, this is a free service provided by the Federal government, you will not have to pay to file your FAFSA.

Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA)
Federal law which protects privacy interests of parents and students in their educational records.

First-Generation College Student
A student who is the first member of his or her immediate family to attend a college or university; neither of his or her biological or adoptive parents have ever attended a college or university.

Full-Time Student
In determining financial aid and graduation rates an undergraduate student enrolled in 12 or more semester credit hours in a long semester is considered full-time.

Gainful Employment
Regulations to protect Americans from poor career training programs by targeting those programs that leave students buried in debt with few opportunities to repay it by adopting more rigorous accountability guidelines than previous regulations; providing transparency about student success; and improving student outcomes.

GED
General Educational Development; It is sometimes referred to as "General Equivalency Diploma", "General Education(al) Diploma" or "high school equivalency." It is a battery of tests that, when passed, certifies the student has high school academic skills. The GED test is a test of equivalency for the high school diploma.

Guaranteed Transfer/GT Pathways
GT Pathways apply to all Colorado public institutions of higher education, and there are more than 900 lower-division general education courses in 20 subject areas approved for guaranteed transfer.

Higher Learning Commission
The Higher Learning Commission (HLC) is an independent corporation that was founded in 1895 as one of six regional institutional accreditors in the United States. HLC accredits degree-granting post-secondary educational institutions in the North Central region

Individual Academic and Career Plans (ICAP)
ICAPs meet state legislation requirements and are a graduation requirement for students graduating in 2011 and beyond. Starting in sixth grade and continuing throughout high school, students create and update an ongoing plan which includes counselor-led activities on career interests, goal setting, college opportunities, financial aid, and noncognitive skills which increase academic success.

IHE
Institution of Higher Education

Internship
A supervised, external learning experience for students in different types of professions programs. Internship experiences provide workplace settings in which students learn and apply program theory and management of the work flow. Internship experiences take place in any setting and may or may not be paid for the learning experiences.

Intrusive Advising
Intrusive advising is an advising style in which the advisor proactively engages a student deemed to be at risk.

Meta Majors
a broad cluster of majors

Occupational Program
A program of study consisting of one or more courses designed to provide the student with sufficient knowledge and skills to perform in a specific occupation.

Part-Time Student
An undergraduate student enrolled for either 11 semester credits or less or less than 24 contact hours per week each term.

Pell
Federal Pell Grant; Grant offered by the Federal government where as the amount depends on your financial need, costs to attend school, status as a full-time or part-time student, and plans to attend school for a full academic year or less.

Persistence Rate
A student’s postsecondary education continuation behavior that leads to graduation.

Predictive Analysis
Predictive analytics is the branch of data mining concerned with the prediction of future probabilities and trends.

Prior Learning Assessment (PLA)
Prior learning assessment and recognition defines processes that allow individuals to identify, document, have assessed and gain recognition for their prior learning.

A.A./A.S.
Associate Degree; Associate of Applied Science or Associate of General Studies; Typically requiring two years or 60 college credits to complete;

Retention Rate
The rate at which students are retained or graduate, and thereby persist, in higher education, as often measured by the percentage of students who continue in higher education from one year to the succeeding year. The cohort generally consists of students who started in a fall term or in the previous summer term and who continued in the following fall term

Rigor-based
The term rigor is widely used by educators to describe instruction, schoolwork, learning experiences, and educational expectations that are academically, intellectually, and personally challenging.

SAT
Scholastic Assessment Test. An examination administered by the Educational Testing Service and used to predict the facility with which an individual will progress in learning collegelevel academic subjects.

Student Success Requirement (SSR)
This requirement mandates that all DSF Scholars enrolled in any credits at a partner institution check-in with a campus contact who serves as a resource for the student. All first year scholars must check-in with 30 days and renewal scholars within 60 days of the beginning of the term.

SURDS
Student Unit Record Data System to support the development of statewide admission standards

Return of Title IV Funds (Title 4)
The federal Return of Title IV Funds policy stipulates the amount of aid a student has earned prior to withdrawal and the order in which federal refunds are allocated back to the program that provided it. Students may obtain specific information and examples of refund and Return of Title IV Funds policies from the financial aid office.

Transition Support
The term transition typically refers to the three major transitional points in the public-education system: when students move from elementary school to middle school, from middle school to high school, and from high school to college.



WICHE
Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education

Wraparound Services
A service that dedicates considerable effort on building constructive relationships and support networks among the youth and his or her family.

21st Century Skills
The term 21st century skills refers to a broad set of knowledge, skills, work habits, and character traits that are believed—by educators, school reformers, college professors, employers, and others—to be critically important to success in today’s world, particularly in collegiate programs and contemporary careers and workplaces.

Academic Evaluations
Academic Evaluations facilitates graduation by providing assistance related to community college and university transfer credit, fulfillment of General Education graduation requirements, and processes applications for graduation, and facilitates degree conferral.

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